Tank museum in Kubinka, since the foundation in 1931 was part of the military testing area unit — polygon. Studying and testing (by engineers and artillery fire) the foreign tanks samples. A storage of the soviet old and experimental tank/AV samples and the equipment. Studying in the sequence of the tank development and the evolution of the individual elements of the design: engines, armor, weapons, protection equipment and the other details. Staff studied the exhibits as a target on the battlefield (the Battle of Kursk, the Arab-Israeli War, Vietnam, etc.) The main visitors of the museum were the cadets of military schools, the KGB and the military industry engineers. All 100% of the tour guides in 1972 were military officers serving in the army and the KGB.
When the tank museum was opened for civilian visitors (1991), the museum staff were 100% for the posts of tank regiment (the part of the military landfill), 50% for the members of the Armed Forces (the rank since the ensign to colonel), 50% of the military officers in the reserve, the veterans of the Soviet Army (mostly the armored troops , political commanders or the artillery and engineer). Military officers served all his life in the army, felt the tanks, weapons, participated in the conflict and after 45-50 years ends the actual military service and continued to work as the guides in the tank museum (for army but with the rank as “non-military”).
In 1995, the museum was transformed into the «Military-Historical Museum of the armored vehicles» and became an independent organizational and staff military unit. But … According to the schedules of the museum staff held positions as the state of the landfill (Tank Regiment). The museum has received the money from the sale of the tickets, which went to the cashier into the polygon (regiment). With the development of the business and the income mutual desire to separate appeared on the landfill (regiment). The tank regiment officials did not want to pay the salary of the positions for the museum. The museum did not want to give the money (income) for the polygon (regiment). The number of the staff positions and their ranks for the museum (in the tank regiment) always decreased. Positions as “military officer” rank became less. Tank Regiment provided the soldiers to the patrol, chores and the cleaning the museum territory. Soldiers of the 45 regiment para-troopers (Special Forces) do the demonstrations (shows) at the museum and help with the security during the holidays.
Decree of the Russian Government dated January 31, 2012 № 108-p decided to create a federal state autonomous institution «Central Museum of armored vehicles”, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
July 24, 2012 Federal state autonomous institution «Central Museum of the armored vehicles», the Russian Defense Ministry reported Interdistrict Inspectorate of the Federal Tax Service of the Moscow region №22 (certificate of state registration of legal entities)
Thus the museum is completely separated from the landfill and tank regiment. The museum became a civilian, but belonged to the department of the Ministry of Defense. Position the museum director became not the military (a civilian servant).
Until 2014 the guides personnel were the military officers in the reserve (retired). Many foreign visitors of the museum still keep in the memory the guides:
— Colonel Ozerov (test military armored vehicle engineer)
— Colonel Mukhin (test engineer anf tank driver till his death, a participant of the armored battles in the Arab-Israeli wars!)
— Sub-colonel Markelov (Test of the armored vehicles engineer and tank driver) and other
These tour guides have one or two higher military education (Tank School — uchilische and the Military Academy), all his life served in the Soviet (shortly in the Russian) army, knew all about the army and the armored vehicles in progress. They were told about the history of the museum and the history of armored vehicles that were tested. They are all gone till 2014 +
The team of the AV repairmen were the volunteers and the active military personnel. One person died in an accident (re-enactment with WWII tanks in the action).
For the tourists, the friends of the museum, the history of the WWII battlefields research technology, the pulling out (extracting) of the tanks/ AV,the restoration of the museum exhibits till the running state, the guide-guide was a senior ensign (sub-officer) Tolstyh. For a long time he served in the regiment of the special purpose 45 Airborne (the same Kubinka area), participated in the wars and «peace operations» (including Serbia, Abkhazia, etc.). He was seconded to the tank museum (like a soldier). In addition, to training the commando, he was a sniper, driver and… diver (!) And led the search team, he searched and put up the AV and military equipment for the museum on the WWII battlefields. He died tragically in 2015 in the north of Russia from the exploding mines (battlefields of the Second World War) +
Well, till 2014 we lost mostly all members of our historical military team… But not all.
October 30, 2014 Order of the Minister of Defence FGAU «Central Museum of armored vehicles,» the Russian Defense Ministry «abolished and renamed (reorganized) in the branch of the patriotic center of the Russian Defense Ministry. The new organizational structure, the fate of the former tank museum exhibits, their continued location (in Moscow and in the Urals IN) will be determined on the basis of the guidance created a new «patriotic center»…
In 2014, everything was changed. Several museum halls have been greatly altered. Many exhibits transferred to the another location (15 kilometers from Kubinka). Museum finally became a civil and a commercial institution. There were cases of theft of the tank museum exhibits tank (officially forbidden information of the Ministry of Defence)
In addition, the Tank Museum like the 1972 -2014 model, has ceased to exist. At this moment ex.museum is the branch patriotic park «Patriot» (15 kilometers from Kubinka village) and the part of the exhibits moved to a new location.
Instead the tour military officer guides died (+), the professional senior officers (served all life in the army), the new guides appeared in the museum. Young girls (civilian) from the local village, with no military service and no higher military education. They learn the history of the tanks on the books. These tour guides are well suited for the school and civic museum visitors. But for foreign visitors who are well aware of the history and armored vehicles … you see…
Since 2001 and up to the last «reorganizations» (until the museum was a military institution), this web-site was the official internet-site of the museum, made by the military personnel and ex.military officers, the veterans of the Soviet Army, the veterans of the Armed Forces and a tank units with the assistance of the Armored Forces HQ and the press Department.
New (civil) museum guides and civilian staff have now made a new web-site as the new institution. The new web-site is beautiful designed for a Russian scholars, students and other civilians. …
But all the archive material received from the tank museum veterans, the photos and videos of the years 2001-2014, including the military parades and celebrations, AV in action, re-enactments, the search on the battlefields and the AV restoration, remained in the old team the last living veterans of the Soviet army and the armored troops .
Our team will continue to publish the available to us the archival documents (including the official catalogs of the exhibits at 199X, to prevent the theft of the exhibits), the archival (and modern) photos and the interesting information.
For the historians, the fans of the historical military vehicles, for the collectors and re-enactors, for our friends, our club as guides (do not want the young civilian girls) can help to provide the professionals, the ex.military officers, the veterans of the Soviet (Russian) army for the assistance and visiting the tank museum (other museums and the battlefields as well).
Write, call, communicate with us…